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Planting Native Species


SELECT NATIVE RAVINE PLANTS FOR RESTORATION

North shore ravines and bluffs were historically covered with many plant species, including those listed below. To maximize success of your restoration, choose plants adapted to your local shade, moisture, and temperature conditions. Strive to purchase plants that were grown locally from seeds or stock harvested close to the Illinois Lake Michigan shoreline. Please note that this list is not intended to be exclusive or comprehensive, and it is recommended that you first seek advice from a licensed landscape architect or arborist to determine which plants are most suitable for your property. When planting, please  ensure  that  landscaping  debris  is  hauled  off  site  and not deposited into the ravines. Vegetation and lawns should be manually watered when the soil is dry in order to prevent unnecessary over-watering from automatic sprinklers.

 For further information regarding planting in the ravines, please contact the City Forester at 847.926.1604.

 
Tall Shade Trees
CommonName LatinName Location Light Water
*American Basswood Tilia Americana S, B S, PS, SH M
American Beech Fagus grandifolia S PS, SH M
Hickories Caryasp. U, C S, PS D, M
Oaks Quercus sp. U, C, S PS, SH D, M
Sugar Maple Acer saccharum U, C, S S, PS, SH M
Walnuts Juglans sp. U S D, M
White Pine Pinus strobus U, C S, PS D
 
IntermediateTrees
CommonName
LatinName Location Light Water
*Birches Betula sp. U S D, M
Blue Beech Carpinus caroliniana S, B PS, SH M, W
Hawthorns Crataegus sp. U, C S, PS D
*Hop Hornbeam, Ironwood Ostrya virginiana U, C S, PS D
Pagoda Dogwood Cornus alternifolia C PS M
*Redbud Cercis canadensis U, C, S S, PS D, M
Serviceberry Amelanchier sp. U, C, S S, PS D, M
*Witch Hazel Hamamelis virginiana U, C, S, R S, PS M, W
 
Shrubs
CommonName LatinName Location Light Water
Black Haw Viburnum prunifolium U, C S, PS D, M
Chokeberry Prunus virginiana U, C, S S, PS, SH D, M
Hazelnut Corylus Americana U, C, S PS D, M
Nannyberry Vibernum Viburnum lentago U, S, B S, PS, SH M, W
Red-Osier Dogwood Cornus stolonifera B S W
Sandbar Willow Salix interior B S W
Staghorn Sumac Rhus typhina U, C S D
Wild Plum Prunus americana U, C S, PS D, M
 
Grass & Sedges
CommonName LatinName Location Light Water
+Big Bluestem Andropogon gerardii U S D
Bottlebrush Grass Hystrix patula U, C, S S, PS D, M
Canada Wild Rye Elymus canadensis U, C S, PS D, M
Fowl Manna Grass Glyceriastriata U, B S, PS, SH W
+Little Bluestem Schizachyrium scoparium U S D
Nodding Fescue Festuca obtusa U,C,S PS D,M
Poverty Oat Grass Danthonia spicata U,C,S PS D,M
Sedges Carex sp. U, C, S S, PS D, M
Silky Wild Rye Elymus villosus U,C,S PS,SH D,M
+Switch Grass Panicum virgatum U S D
Woodland Brome Bromus pubescens U,C,S PS,SH D,M
 
Wild Flowers
CommonName LatinName Location Light Water
Bellwort Uvularia grandiflora S PS, SH D, M
Big-Leaved Aster Aster macrophyllus U, C, S PS, SH M
Black-Eyed Susan Rudbeckia hirta U, C, S S, PS D, M
Bloodroot Sanguinaria canadensis U, C, S PS, SH M
*Blue Phlox Phlox divaricata U, C, S S, PS D, M
*Broad-Leaved Goldenrod Solidago flexicaulis U, S PS, SH D, M
Brown-Eyed Susan Rudbeckia triloba C, S, B PS, SH M, W
*Columbine Aquilegia canadensis C, S S, PS D, M
Elm-Leaved Goldenrod Solidago ulmifolia U, C, S PS, SH D, M
*Feathery False Solomon's Seal Smilacina racemosa U, C, S PS, SH D, M
Golden Alexander Ziziaaurea U, S PS, SH D, M
+Lead Plant Amorpha canescens U S D
*Marsh Marigold Caltha palustris B S, PS W
May Apple Podophyllum peltatum U, C, S PS, SH D, M
Sharp-lobed Hepatica Hepatica acutiloba C PS D, M
Shooting Star Dodecatheon meadia U, C, S S, PS D, M
*Solomon's Seal Polygonatum biflorum U, C, S PS, SH D, M
Trillium Trillium sp. U, C, S S, PS, SH D, M
Wild Bergamot Monarda fistulosa U, S PS,SH M
Woodland Sunflower Helianthus divaricatus U, C, S S, PS M
 
Groundcovers
CommonName LatinName Location Light Water
*Early Meadow Rue Thalictrum dioicum U, C, S PS, SH D, M
Horsetail Equisetum arvense B PS W
*Native Ferns Various U, C, S PS, SH D, M, W
Trout Lily Erythronium albidum U, C, S PS, SH D, M
*Violets Viola sp. U, C, S, B PS, SH D, M, W
*Virginia Creeper Parthenocissus quinquefolia U, S, B PS, SH D, M
*Wild Ginger Asarum canadensis S PS, SH M
*Species is deer-resistant. However, it should be noted that deer will eat anything if hungry enough.+Species has deep-roots and is ideal for promoting slope stability and minimizing erosion.

 

Key
Location Light Water
U Upland S Sun D Dry
C Ravine Crest PS Partial Shade M Moist
S Ravine Slope SH Shade W Wet
B Ravine Bottom